The signs of ADHD are hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity, and we find the children with ADHD are easily distracted, do not finish tasks, in constant motion, do not play quietly, do not seem to listen and talk excessively.
However, your child may have some of these symptoms but it can be something else, so it is up to the doctor only to decide. Actually, there is not specific test for ADHD; that is why diagnosing involves gathering a lot of information and takes several steps.
You, your child and his school should be involved in the assessment. Doctors would diagnose ADHD in a child after the child showing six or more symptoms of hyperactivity or inattention regularly for six months, taking into consideration how the child’s behavior is different from that of the other children of the same age.
Diagnosing ADHD in children less than 5 years is difficult, since several preschool kids have some of the symptoms witnessed in ADHD, in addition to the rapid change of kids during preschool years. Sometimes, a similar behavior to ADHD can be caused by a sudden change in the family such as divorce or anxiety or depression.
There are three types for ADHD:
– Combined type: Children of this type show all symptoms (hyperactive- impulsive- inattentive), and it is the most common form.
– Inattentive type: It is also called attention deficit disorder. Children of this type are not hyperactive; they do not disturb or interrupt the classroom, so they may not be noticed.
– Impulsive/ hyperactive type: Children of this type show both symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsiveness, but they are capable of paying attention.
ADHD treatment includes psychological intervention, drug treatment and educational programs. There are different treatment plans which we will discuss later on at length and thoroughly.