The individual with Borderline Personality Disorder experiences sudden and extreme mood swings, poor self- image, intense interpersonal relationships and impulsive behavior. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) causes unpredictable bursts of anger that sometimes can lead to self- injury.
People with BPD are extremely sensitive to rejection and fear being left alone or abandoned. The symptoms of BPD include:
• Intense and unstable interpersonal relationships
• Frantic efforts to avoid abandonment
• Persistently unstable self- image
• Self- mutilating behavior or recurrent suicidal behavior
• Impulsiveness in areas that are potentially self- damaging such as substance abuse, binge eating, reckless driving and cutting
• Extreme changes in mood lasting a few hours and rarely a few days
• Intense, inappropriate anger
• Feelings of emptiness
• Severe dissociative symptoms or stress- related paranoid ideation (This means not being able to remember what you did or said, and it happens mostly in times of severe stress)
Do not worry if five or more symptoms have been identified in you or a loved one; a long term treatment can lead to a significant improvement and the quality of your life can be immensely improved. Seek professional counseling from a psychiatrist, psychologist, a licensed mental health counselor or social worker with a special training in treating BPD. The different types of counseling commonly used in treatment are:
• Cognitive Behavioral Therapy that focuses on changing certain behavior patterns and thoughts to control the symptoms.
• Psychodynamic Therapy that focuses on understanding your past to obtain insight into your current behavior and actions. This technique is used when assuming that internal conflicts you are not consciously aware of are causing the behavior problems.
• Dialectical Behavior Therapy through which destructive behaviors are reduced by teaching healthy ways to cope and adapt with feelings of frustration, challenges and lack of power.
• Family Therapy which focuses on educating your family about your condition and provides support to you and those who are affected by your condition.