It is well- accepted that chances of developing cancer are related to one’s lifestyle choices; some simple lifestyle changes can make a big difference.
• Eat a healthy diet, which means eating plenty of vegetables and fruits and other foods from plant sources like whole grains. Eat fewer high- calorie foods including fat from animal sources and refined sugars. Limit processed meat because a report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer revealed that the risk of certain types of cancer can be slightly increased by eating large amounts of processed meat. As the Mediterranean diet focuses mostly on plant- based foods such as legumes and nuts as well as olive oil instead of butter and fish over red meat, therefore women who eat a Mediterranean diet may have a reduced risk of breast cancer.
• Protecting yourself from the sun is number one protection from skin cancer, which is one of the most common types of cancer and one of the most preventable. Avoid the midday sun when the sun rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., stay in the shade as much as possible, a broad- brimmed hat and sunglasses help too. Cover the exposed areas of your skin as much as possible, and opt for bright colors that reflect ultraviolet radiation. When you are outdoors, use good amounts of sunscreen and reapply often. Avoid sunlamps and tanning beds because they are as damaging as sunlight.
• Get immunized from certain viral infections such as hepatitis B, which increases the risk of liver cancer.
• Avoid risky behaviors that might lead to infections, which in turn may increase cancer risk. For example, do not share needles because this can lead to hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV.
• Get regular screenings and self- exams for various types of cancer such as colon, breast and skin for discovering cancer early when chances of treatment are most likely high.