Diabetes is spreading like wild fire all over the globe. Almost all of us know at least one person who suffers from the sugary condition. Although diabetes is affiliated with high blood sugar, the condition is not so sweet when it comes to its undesirable effects which can be prevented with care. Since it is necessary to know about the enemy, read the following informative facts about diabetes.
8. Ancient Evil
Diabetes Mellitus has a history long before it got its name. The symptom of frequent urination was first recorded in ancient Egyptian Ebers papyrus dating to 1550 B.C. During that period Indian physicians also recognized the condition and called it “madhumeha” meaning “honey urine”. Diabetes Mellitus is a Greek term that literally means “sweet urine”. The term was first suggested by the Greekphysician Aretaeus.
7. Yucky Facts
Recent methods of measuring blood sugar levels weren’t available. Therefore, ancient doctors used to taste the patients urine to check whether it is sweet or not. Other less disgusting methods include exposing the urine and checking if it attracted ants or flies. Urine drinking isn’t over as there are people nowadays who ferment the urine of diabetics to make whiskey.
6. Tough Love
One suggested method for the treatment of diabetes devised by Priorry, a French physician, in the late 1850’s was to ask patients to consume huge quantities of sugar. The method surely failed to help anyone. A complete opposite method suggested prior to the 1920’s was to starve the patients.
5. Popular Types of Diabetes
There are two well-known types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2. Type 1 is caused by a fault in the immune system that destroys healthy pancreas cells that produce insulin. Sufferers of Type 1 get it in their early childhood and need insulin shots. Type 2 diabetics get the condition later with age and is sometimes caused by unhealthy life style of eating too much and not exercising. This type doesn’t require insulin shots but needs healthier life style and some medications.
4. Other Types of Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is developed by pregnant women. This type of diabetes is usually a temporary condition but women need to take care because it can cause harm to the mother and the child. Alzheimer’s is thought to be a type of diabetes but it is not confirmed.
3. Demographics of Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1 except when it comes to children where type 1 is more common. The highest population of people with type 2 diabetes reside in India while the highest percentage of people with type 2 resided in Nauru, a small island in the South Pacific. White children are more likely to get type 1 diabetes than others. Moreover, type 1 is not triggered by obesity.
2. Diabetes and Animals
In 1889, physicians Oscar Minkowski and Joseph von Mering removed a dog’s pancreas to discover later that the dog’s urine attracted lots of flies. This helped them relate the functions of the pancreas with diabetes. Unfortunately, that is not the only animal relation with diabetes because animals can also suffer from the condition. Like humans, cats and dogs can develop diabetes because of genetics, unhealthy eating and lack of exercise.
1. Sad Loss
During the 1600’s, Dr. Thomas Willis was the first to explain pain and stinging from nerve damage caused by diabetes. Extreme cases of diabetes can result in an awful condition called diabetic neuropathy. The symptoms include a painful tingling sensation due to the restriction of blood-flow to the feet. This can result in the development of dryness and ulcers which may need the amputation of a foot. Sad loss of vision can also occur due to damage of blood capillaries feeding the eyes.