Experts define autism as a complex developmental disability that appears during the first three years of one’s life. Autism is a result of a neurological disorder that affects normal brain function and consequently affecting the development of social interaction skills.
Researchers discovered that people with autism share genetic traits with ADHD persons and those with clinical depression or schizophrenia. A person with autism prefers to stick to a set of behaviors and resists any changes to his daily activities. However, if the person knows about the change in advance, his resistance is much lower or gone completely.
The person with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) interacts with others differently. If the symptoms are less severe, the person with autism may seem socially clumsy or out of synch with other individuals, and if the symptoms are more severe, he may not be interested in others at all.
People who interact with someone with autism comment that this person makes very little eye contact. However, if the symptoms are not severe, the ASD sufferer can be taught to look people in the eye. People with autism lack the necessary talking and playing skills, and they cannot relate to the feelings of other people or empathize with them.
As a result of frequent practice, in some cases, empathy improves and becomes natural rather than intellectual. A conversation with a person with ASD feels like a one-way trip; there is no exchanging of feelings, ideas or thoughts.
A number of ASD children do not like being touched, but we cannot say that all children with autism share that. Many of them will hug the mother, father and siblings or other relatives and even enjoy it a lot. Mostly, it is a matter of practice and anticipating the physical contact. Moreover, sudden loud noises and sudden changes in the intensity of lighting can be quite shocking to a person with autism, similar to surprising physical contact.