Carbohydrates is an important nutrient our bodies need to function properly, like all the other nutrients, carbohydrates need to be included in the diet to reap it’s benefits. But just like anything else, too much or too little of it can cause harm instead of benefits. So before you tend to cut out carbohydrates from your diet or see it as an enemy that should be avoided to reach your weight loss goal, you must know the following facts about carbohydrates.
1- Carbohydrate is an essential nutrient that the body requires to function normally, its main job is to provide energy that allows other nutrients to be absorbed and functioned.
2- Carbohydrates get converted into sugar (glucose) in your body to be used as a fuel for energy that is used by your organs and cells to function, if any of that sugar is more than the body needs for the day then it just get stored as fat for a later use.
3- Carbohydrates are of two types, they are differentiated according to their chemical structure, simple and complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates get digested and absorbed quickly providing a quick boost of energy that don’t last long. But complex carbohydrates take longer to digest they also require the body to exert more effort and burn more calories to break them down and turn them into energy, which provides more sustained energy and blood sugar levels which in return ensures a longer lasting satiety feeling.
4- Simple carbohydrates are more found in fresh foods like fruits, vegetables and refined sugar and wheat products as well as milk and milk products. However complex carbohydrates are found in whole-wheat bread, cereals, brown pasta and rice and starchy vegetables.
5- All the sources of fiber provide complex carbohydrates, fiber doesn’t get digested, it passes through the digestive tract undigested thus it provides a cleanse for the intestines and the rest of the digestive tract as well as soothing and improving the Digestion. Fiber also prevents the absorption of bad cholesterol which in return protects the cardiovascular health.
6- Carbohydrates are either slow to digest or fast to digest and this depend on the Glycemic Index of the food that provides the carbohydrates. Foods with high glycemic index get digested fast and vice versa.
7- You should always include foods low in the Glycemic index as a source of carbohydrates because they ensure that the sugar doesn’t get converted fast into fat and provide the body with energy for longer time.