Tongues help us experience the taste of the world and express our experiences to the world by helping us speak. We all know how to use our tongues, but not all of us know everything about them. Check out the following amazing facts about the multifunctional organ to learn new data and unlearn misconceptions.
7. The Tongue Is Made of Eight Different Muscles
No matter how much a person eats or talks throughout the day, the tongue doesn’t seem to hurt from exhaustion. The tongue also impresses us with its unmatched flexibility. However, here comes the surprising factor, the tongue isn’t the strongest muscle in the human body. Heart muscles carry out the most work, jaw muscle exerts the most pressure, and the quads and the glutes produce the most force.
6. The Average Tongue Length is 10 cm
The majority of us live with a tongue that is about 10 centimeters long from the inside all the way to the tip. A special few individuals have tongues with incredible lengths. For instance, Guinness World Record for the longest tongue holder, Nick Stoeberl sticks his tongue outside of his mouth to a length of about 10.1 cm meaning that this part of his tongue is longer than the average whole tongue.
5. Tongue Color Can Be Very Informative
Your tongue color can indicate serious health issues; unless the color goes back to enjoying colorful candy. A good tongue would be pink. Infections and allergies can change a tongue’s color to red and make it swell. If the redness comes with sore throat and fever then you might need a check-up. Some blood pressure and allergy medications may reduce saliva production and so cause the tongue to blister. Fungal infections like thrush result in white patches on the tongue and can be treated with antifungal medications. If you don’t ingest enough nutrients such as vitamin B12, iron and folic acid, the tongue would indicate that by being too smooth.
4. Taste Buds Are Invisible to the Naked Eye
See those small white and pink bumps on your tongue? Those are called papillae and they are not your taste buds but they are where the taste buds reside.
3. All Areas of the Tongue Can Taste Everything
One of the most misleading illustrations about the tongue is the one dividing it into regions specified for different tastes. There is no place specific for tasting sour, sweet, bitter or salty tastes. You can make a simple experiment by sprinkling some salt on tip of your tongue and find out that you can taste it although this spot is said to taste sweet tastes only.
2. Thousands of Taste Buds Lie on the Tongue
Not all of us are blessed with the same number of taste buds a tongue can contain from 2000 to 10,000 buds. Whether you have lots of or few taste buds, they die off every two weeks and get replaced. Supertasters have more than 10,000 taste buds while there are people who have much less taste buds to the degree they are called nontasters.
1. Genetics Is Not the Only Tongue Twister
The rolling or curling of the tongue is an ability that only some have. Science school books mention an individual’s ability to roll their tongue as an example of an inherited trait. Genetic experts say that this ability is not only genetic as there is essentially an environmental factor contributing to this wonderful trick. The evidence that support the existence of an environmental influence is based on a child’s ability to learn how to roll their tongue even if they couldn’t do it in the first place.