There are specific symptoms and signs to the lack of salivary flow, and they include:
– A dry sticky feeling in the mouth
– Trouble speaking, chewing and swallowing
– A dry rough tongue that feels cracked as well as cracked lips
– Increased plaque on the teeth
– Increase in tooth decay
– Manifestation of fungus candida in the mouth or throat
Actually, dry mouth is a common side effect of many medications, and this is the number one cause. You can say that the greater the number of drugs you take, the greater the risk of developing a parched mouth.
The common medications that frequently cause dry mouth include anti- allergy medications, antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, cardiovascular medication for hypertension, painkillers, antacids and muscle relaxants.
A number of systemic diseases correlate with dry mouth such as Sjögren’s syndrome, which is limited to the salivary glands and the eyes causing dry eyes and dry mouth. Other diseases related to dry mouth are chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic active hepatitis, AIDS, diabetes and renal dialysis.
Additionally, radiation therapy to treat cancer can damage the major and minor salivary glands. Of course, dehydration is an inevitable result of fluid loss, and dry mouth will be almost always a sign of dehydration. Fortunately, adequate hydration will solve the problem quickly.
To experience depression, stress and anxiety is part of being human, and dry mouth is one of the consequences of acute or chronic depression and stress. Unluckily, dry mouth can increase our anxiety and stress, and what is worse is that many medications to treat depression and anxiety often cause dry mouth as a side effect. Developing coping mechanisms and healthy strategies can reduce our anxieties to manageable levels; this will enhance the quality of our lives and consequently can help reduce the sensation of a dry mouth.